Natural Resources

Zambia has vast resource endowment in terms of land, labour and water, indicating the high potential to expand and/or excel development. Zambia has a total land area of 75 million hectares (752,000 square km), out of which 58% (42 million hectares) is classified as medium to high potential for agricultural production.

It is Africa’s largest producer of Copper and Cobalt. Although copper production was affected by low copper prices in the late 1990s, Copper production has been increased since 2000.  It increased to 572,793 tonnes in 2007 from a low of 256,884 tonnes in 2000, representing an increase of over 100%.  Copper production has been increasing over the recent past from 575,000 metric tonnes in 2008 to 665,000 metric tonnes in 2009 and to about 700,000 metric tonnes in 2010.  This has been due to increased capacity utilisation facilitated by the continued increase in metal prices on the international markets.

Zambia stands out as one of the prime tourism destinations in Africa offering a wealth of natural tourism assets – waterfalls, lakes and rivers holding about 35% of Southern Africa’s water, ‘wildlife protected areas’ occupying about 10% of the country’s total land area, and a tropical climate – a passport to sunshine almost throughout the year.

It also the home of the Victoria Falls, one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. In addition, Zambia is endowed with a rich and diverse culture resulting in the occurrence of more than 30 colourful traditional ceremonies annually.